55 Field Surgical Team RAMC
The resident surgical medical presence, or FST in Salalah, was not always known as or called ’55FST’. Before 1972 there was a ‘5 FST’, a ’51 FST’ and a ’52 FST’. It was only after December 1971 that the name settled down as 55FST. (RAF ORB F540)
55 Field Surgical Team was manned, at different times by contingents from the Royal Army Medical Corps and the Royal Air Force Medical Services. At times RN personnel were present. This website originally largely referred to the RAMC. There have however been valuable contributions from former members of the RAF Medical Services. As time has gone by there have also been contributions from patients and from people who had nothing to do with the FST but just happened to be in Salalah in the 70s
The “Johnston” 55FST was drawn from military hospitals in the UK and in BAOR. The team assembled near the Cambridge Military Hospital in Aldershot at 2 Fd hospital. Kit was issued, a triple dose of immunoglobulin was given to protect against hepatitis and some time was spent at Ash Ranges for familiarization with the SMG and 9mm Browning Pistol.
Transit to Salalah was via Brize Norton(?) by VC10 to Cyprus, onward to RAF Masirah by C-130 and then down to RAF Salalah by Andover. The change in climate from Aldershot to Masirah was a warning of what we might find in Salalah; heat, humidity and all invasive gritty dust.
The surgical element of 55 FST was made up of three RAMC doctors
The core of the theatre team was made up of four Operating Theatre Technicians. Three worked as operating technicians and one largely as an anaesthetic technician.
The diagnostic element of the FST came from two sergeants
Nursing support came from three members of the team
Last but not least the administrative backup.
Technically the Station Medical Centre belonged to the RAF. The RAF interface with 55FST was an RAF senior NCO.
Several other medics passed through in the period that we were there when there was crisis of one sort or another. The first crisis was medical and arose when Joe Johnston succumbed to mumps; generally a trivial disease but as luck would have it not this time around. Joe was ordered, by the Station Medical Officer Nick Cetti, to rest in some air conditioning.
A surgeon called “Patrick” was sent out to help. Ten days after that the MOD sent Major Peter Craig, arriving in a C-130, to assess the situation. Swellings reduced, fevers had fallen. Joe was back up to speed. Five days later, following a valedictory curry in the dhobi mens’ lines, Peter headed back to civilisation in his Hercules.
Sitting next door to Joe on the plane out and sharing a room with him in “Pongo Palace” inevitaby meant that as the sun rises in the east and sets in the west twenty days later there was another fortunately lesser manifestation of the disease in myself. Another anaesthetist was shipped in whilst the fever was at its worst. The name “Papworth” appears in an anaesthetic record. His presence is vaguely recalled as is the reluctance to let go of the Haloxair by the sickly incumbent.
In July after “Mirbat” help came down to us in the form of a surgeon whose name is not recalled. The familiar face of an RAF GDMO, Ian Rumfitt, a former UCH friend, also appeared from Masirah at that time rushed down in a Strikemaster
55 FST – “Neither Fish nor Fowl”
In the context of modern NATO doctrine how should 55 FST have been classified ?
Role 1 Medical Facility. Certainly there was an element of Role 1 as shells, mortar rounds and bullets landed in and around the FST compound. The RCL round into the officers’ mess is one such example which qualifies the FST as being classified as such.
Role 2 Medical Facility as the FST’s primary task was to engage in Damage Control Surgery to stabilise the wounded and make them safe for onward medevac. Obviously the basic activity and prime role of the unit.
Role 3 Medical Facility in that some of the wounded were locals or contract soldiers who had final definitive surgery as they were not going to be evacuated beyond the confines of Dhofar. There was no hospital in Dhofar to effect such surgery and so the FST took on this role. The “Little Old Lady from the West” is a prime example.
Where did 55 FST come in the medical services order of battle ?
It didn’t really as it was the only active FST in the British Armed Forces at that time if one discounts the arrangements that rapidly came and went in Northern Ireland. It was a nuisance to have to administer one small tin-pot unit in a place they have never heard of on the shores of the Indian Ocean. The MOD advisors probably wanted to have their specialists there so that they could gain experience but that of course left them short on the home front ‘tween the devil and the deep blue sea. They had to scrabble around to staff established base hospitals when numbers were already critical at home and also fulfill their obligations in Dhofar. Some of the “volunteers” were keen to go there to gain experience whilst others did all they could to avoid the place.
The arrangements made or not made for casualty evacuation were lamentable. Unpressurised C130 was the norm unless perchance there happened to be a passing VC-10 through Masirah and then the casualties of this secret war had to be hidden from the other passengers who might start to ask questions. One member of BATT died partly as a consequence of a bumpy low level casevac to the Gulf.
Primarily of course it was inter-service dogs’ dinner, mostly RAMC but with the occasional RAF dish and a seasoning of Royal Navy. The reality for the “dogs” was that they were kept on short commons as nobody seemed inclined to take responsibility for the mongrel that had presented itself on their distant doorstep. The dogs might have howled to be fed but their howls were not heeded in Ludgershall other than with the occasional scrap.