55 Field Surgical Team RAMC

Casualty Mortality

The underlying table gives the mortality in hospital amongst casualties in different conflicts.

Total Number of patients

% death in hospital

Comment

Crimean War

Unknown

16.7%

Official Figures

Boer War

Unknown

8.6%

Official Figures

American Civil War

Unknown

14.1%

Official Figures

WW 1

Unknown

7.6%

Official Figures

WW 2

Unknown

4.5%

Official Figures

Korea

Unknown

2.5%

Official Figures

Cyprus

71

4.3%

Northern Ireland

654

6.4%

Explosion only

Northern Ireland

1786

4.8%

Falkland Islands

233

1.3%

Arab Israeli

4,500

2.3%

Vietnam

13,050

2.0%

Conventional weapons

Small arms –

4,565

2.2%

Fragments –

6,631

1.5%

Mines-

1,854

3.4%

Oman (MFV)

73

2.7%

Oman (JdeBC)

104

3.8%

Mortality from wounds was very variable. In WWI wounds to the head and neck, the abdomen and the chest resulted in a very high mortality; 75% has been quoted

“Flesh wounds” to the extremities were less likely to result in death.

Since the use of blood transfusion, antibiotics and standardised surgical techniques gained widespread acceptance in the middle of WWII survival of those wounded who reached a surgical facility has been consistently remarkably high.